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Ime leading to late pick *ups When the fine was removed the numbers didn t recover because a new norm *When the fine was removed the numbers didn t recover because a new norm been set7 Asymmetric information eg Real Estate agent vs buyer8 Goodhart s law when a measure becomes a target it ceases to be a good measure 9 Technical debt in programming most coders tend to prioritise short term code fixes ver long term well designed Annual Report of the Officers of the Town of Holderness, N. H: Year Ending January 31, 1937 (Classic Reprint) ones Over time the debts accumulate to make the code clunky and someone in the future will have to fix the mess Short termism10 Path dependence Sometimes theutcome was decided by a path taken earlier Trick is to recognize points Gardening with Shape, Line and Texture: A Plant Design Sourcebook of no return11 Paradoxf choice ver abundance f choice lead to fear Livin' de Life of making suboptimal choices unhappiness Improve design by limiting choice where possible12 The top idea in your mind most people havene The Amazing Dreams of Andrew Latter or two and their thoughts will drift toward when they re allowed to Normally these are things that excite them because they are impactful However not manyrganisations allow time for people to have their minds drift freely into these top ideas and put them into actions These are the ideas that can move the needle and generate passion amongst people eg Google13 Deep work allow people to spend time Culture is the Body: The Theatre Writings of Tadashi Suzuki on tackling the really tough things undisturbed Most people will want to solve problems they know how to solve These are the B problems at best In the long run the company will be a B company The A problems are hard by definition and reuire deep unobstructed work and to be a truly toprganisation deep work Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Study of Mind on topf best people are needed to solve the really tough problems14 What is important is seldom urgent and what is urgent is seldom important Dwight Eisenhower 15 Parkinson s law work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion 15 Reframe the problem to help look at it from different angles The shortcuts can normally be found eg hackers reframe the problem from How can we best guess your password to how can we best get your password 16 It s not the most intellectual The Legend of Joaquin Murrieta or strongestf species that survives but the ne that is best to adapt to the changing environment17 Don t fight with nature inertia reuires significant amount f activation energy Make sure you have that first 18 Shirky principle institutions will try to preserve the problem which they are the solution Reminds me f Ronald Reagan s autobiography where he shared his encounter with unemployment ffices discouraging people to take up jobs but to receive their handouts instead bureaucracy s number ne bjective is to preserve the bureaucracy19 Flywheel a rotating disk that is used to store energy to create momentum20 Homeostasis rganism regulates itself around a certain condition similar to rganisations regulating itself around a certain metrics Dicmatized 2: Bitter Sweet Revenge or values 21 Technology adoption cycle innovators 25% early adopters 135% early majority 34% late majority 34% laggards 16%22 Metcalfe s law non linear growth in network value when nodes are connected tone another 23 Accept that we are surrounded by chaotic system and adaptability is the key success factor Don t be lulled into a sense of stability and put effort into creating a stability and put effort into creating a system in the stable system that does not exist in the first places It s Martian Science Fiction: Scifi Novellas Set on Mars okay to plan ahead just be aware that all it takes is a flapf the butterfly s wings to undo the plans24 Luck surface area lucky People Are Not Lucky They Tend To Spread Themselves That are not lucky They tend to spread themselves that a wide surface area such that when an The Witches Ball opportunity arises they are there25 For any issues you can find peoplen both sides with numbers to back up their position26 Survivorship bias surveys are filled by people who care enough to response Eg surviving WW2 planes were analysed and reinforced based Saving Charmaine: A Heaton Family Friends Series Book on where they were hit the most but realised that these were the planes that survived and the places most hit are thenes that need the least reinforcements because Pilots can survive even when those areas are hit hard27 Bayesian starting from a prior intuition and converge toward the truth Faster but prone to local ptimum Freuentist starting from scratch based n cold hard numbers More accurate nly if there big enough and diversified sample size 28 Hysteresis system s current state can depend n its history eg T cells that help power The Deadline our immune system upon activation would reuire lower threshold to reactivate29 Knowns and unknowns 2x2 matrix Objective is to move as many things it known knowns as possible Known unknowns get help fromthers who know unknown knowns get some experience unknown unknowns thought experiments scenario analysis to minimise blind spots30 Beware f groupthink Typically associated to person with the highest demonstration f confidence able to get their bandwagons going with followers jumping Ready to Restore: The Layman's Guide to Christian Counseling on uickly creating a convergent thinking environment 31 Social norms is powerful than market norms Egne is less likely to want to be paid by neighbours to babysit their kid vs doing them a favour 32 Distributive justice vs procedural justice euity vs euality 33 Strawman Ready to Restore opponent misrepresent the issue by associating your argument to something else that s easy to attack and incite emotions34 Loss leader strategyne product is priced low to increase the demand for complementary products35 Sometimes. You can just read Super Thinking a fun illustrated guide to every mental model you could possibly need How can mental models help you Well here are just a few examples • If you've ever been verwhelmed by a to do list that's grown too long maybe you need the Eisenhower Decision Matrix to help you prioritize • Use the 5 Whys model to better understand people's motivations r get to the root cause Shieldmaiden Book 1: Quest for the Jewel of a problem • Before concluding that your colleague who messes up your projects isut to sabotage you consider Hanlon's Razor for an alternative explanatio. When I saw a tweet from Annie Duke saying the world would improve immediately if everyone read this book I had to check it Traficada: Diário de uma Escrava Sexual (Portuguese Edition) out I wasn t disappointed This book is simple easy to follow and gives mental models that greatly help your decision making It has a heavy Charlie Munger influence and feel throughout the book which was an added bonus The authors uote himften and use him and Warren Buffett in several examples I also appreciated that it was written by the DuckDuckGo CEO as he used some good technology references that I enjoyed I could write a lot about the different models covered but I ll spare an exhaustive list just know you will have the decision making tools billionaires like Charlie Munger use to simplify complex decisions across a wide array Encounter at Buff Ledge: A UFO Case History of industries You will see connections you d normally miss and have insights that put you in an advantageous position when it comes to judgment and decision making It s a great read worth checkingut Mental Models applied in real life contextThe book did an excellent job by connecting mental models in real life context using a storytelling style rather an academic listing Carte touristique : Corse Sud : Ajaccio - Bonifacio of the modelsHighly recommend No star rating I think it would rely too muchn individual contextST is a book about everything and nothingMental models are framed named concepts than encapsulated knowledge and bservation to simplify reasoning and problem solving But the problem is they are everywhere it s hard to classify them they have very different rigins and they are products The Bricklayer of very different disciplinesr just streams f thoughtThat s why this book basically feels like an aggregation f Vinny: Victory Over Drugs, Death, and Degradation other books summaries Booksf very different The Occult Detector (The Semi Dual Stories Book 1) origin audience Usually very good books And usua I love mental models but this book can t even install 1f them to the readers mind It is a list f 100s f mental models explained in a few sentences This should not have been a book but a list Pioneer Jews: A New Life in the Far West of mental models instead maybe a webpager something I m not sure what was Gabriel thinking turning this into a book but each mental model deserves its Eating Thin for Life: Food Secrets Recipes from People Who Have Lost Weight Kept It Off own course practices posts examples Each mental model can be turned in to small books But cramming 100sf them into a single book like this is just foolish Overall I can nly recommend this book if you want to go ver 100s We, the People of mental models in a fast way But when someone creates a decent mental model list in to a searchable form this book will be history Here is my list enjoy Before starting it I had misgivings about whether Lauren McCann and Gabriel Weinberg s Super Thinking would be worthwhile for me to read This was mainly because I have already studied a lotf mental models from various fields Single of research and also because it seemed a bit too self helpy for my taste But my best friend bought me a copy so I took it up inrder to discuss with himTo its credit Super Thinking is probably the most comprehensive and up to date collection f mental models recurring concepts that help us explain predict r approachseemingly disparate subjects available to modern readers vii McCann and Weinberg s goal is to highlight a variety f broadly useful r super models that serve as mental tools for successfully understanding and navigating the many challenges f I picked this up for two reasons1 I ve read Gabriel s first book Traction and found it immensely helpful2 I m a big fan f mental models Have read Robert Cialdini Dan Kahnemann Dan Ariely Malcolm Gladwell Richard Thaler a bunch f thers including being a regular at Farnam Street though haven t been able to consistently use than a handful Showa, 1939-1944: A History of Japan of themSo picking a book being portrayed as a single treasure trove from a validated author seemed like a A good collectionf mental models extracted from various disciplines which if applied properly can help broaden The Book Of The Superiority Of Dogs Over Many Of Those Who Wear Clothes one s perspective Very similar to Charlie Munger s emphasisn breadth f knowledge and when magic happens when a confluence f factors across a broad spectrum manifest themselves in a lollapalooza effect A few mental models that stood Rescuing a Werewolf out1 Argue from first principles go back to basics and figureut what are we really trying to solve2 Be aware that your views are being framed by people around you eg first impressions media3 To avoid personal biases Making Women Pay or framed perspective walk a mile in their shoes try to see from their pointf view as impartially as possible using a third person s view How are we being perceived by the GloomCookie observer4 Learned selflessness people stop trying when they believe their efforts just don t cut it anyr *it s just not worth it any Results in active disengagement 5 Thinking gray the world is not black and white *s just not worth it any Results in active disengagement 5 Thinking gray the world is not black and white disengagement 5 Thinking gray the world is not black and white leaders are able to see shades f gray inherent in a situation and make wise decisions n how to proceed 6 Tragedy The Jesuit of the commons free riders stems back to human nature to be selfish and greedy Especially if the specific action does not come with any negative conseuences financial social civic etc Rules and regulations need to be set to draw the line they need to be enforcedr else another negative norm is set which will make it harder to unwind Good example With Bound Hands on the preschool impositionf preschool late pick up fines that made it Rim of the Pit okay to pay for the teachers extra You can't really know anything if you just remember isolated facts If the facts don't hang togethern a latticework You Can Beat the Odds of theory you don't have them in a usable form You've got to have models in your head Charlie Munger investor vice chairmanf Berkshire HathawayThe world's greatest problem solvers forecasters and decision makers all rely n a set f frameworks and shortcuts that help them cut through complexity and separate good ideas from bad Stripes of All Types ones They're called mental models and you can find them in dense textbooksn psychology physics economics and Or. The nly winning move is not to play Not all conflicts need to be tackled head n r resolved Need to be selective else it is going to severely drain your resources36 Generals always fight the last war Successful people leaders are where they are because f their past victories and modus Baltimore Catechism No. 2 operandi which helped them leapfrog the then status uo Until when they become the status uo37 Organisations hardly ever have perfect resources nor can they always afford to wait until they have betternes before moving forward Great people are unlikely to be concentrated in a single Mic manual de campanie electorală organisation Successfulrganisations are successful because right people are led in the right way38 10x teams The Big Book of Maker Skills: Tools Techniques for Building Great Tech Projects or 10x employees Right confluencef factors to lead to superior performance However the utput may not be replicated when they switch roles r projects 39 Creating a 10x team reuires a leader to understand the difference and nuances It goes way beyond just putting a body One Life, One Incarnation: Beautiful Bones on the job but having the right skills attitude personalities within the team Moreften than not large Just Joking organisations have the tendency to trust their processes too much that people feel like they re just a cog in the machine and hence feel disengaged insteadf creating a 10x team a 01x team was created40 Three types f people reuired in different phases f Times of Trouble (A Time Travel Anthology) organisation project life cycles commando speed no rules create a beachhead army large numbers to build systems and infrastructures to extend advantage police enforce rules build stability for growth Having the wrong group at the wrong time can hurt you a lot than helps41 The fox knows many things but the hedgehog knowsne big thing Successful businesses were started by hedgehogs having a singular focus to be good at BENAAMI one core idea However for the successful company to survive in the long term they need foxes Hedgehogs tend to have a focused world view whereas foxes tend to be cautious and pragmatic 42 When giving feedbacks with radical candour Being vague and abstract is much easier because it avoids the hard workf identifying specific examples and the psychological stress f debating the nuances around those specifics If you care enough for the person gotta put in the hard work43 Dunning Kruger effect early part f the learning curve is exciting But it is uickly followed by the reality n how much do you have to learn before you become the expert and finally the satisfying feeling when the expertise is btained Key is to not give up after the initial euphoria Applies to many things in life people tend to be happier in their youth and The Real Bluebeard: The Life of Gilles de Rais old age 44 Self serving bias you re likely to say that your mistakes could not have been predicted and likely to apply hindsight bias to be criticalf Stay on Your Toes, Maggie Adams! others45 Being explicit about the cultural norms in a company isne f the most high leverage activities you can do as a leader46 Manager s schedule vs maker s schedule 47 The nly way to generate Night Train To Cherbourg: A Joszef Kiraly: Gentleman, Vampire Mystery outstanding returns is to be right and contrarian Just being right is not enough but don t be a contrarian for the sakef being a contrarian that s dangerous48 Vision without action is a daydream Action without vision is a nightmare Japanese proverb 49 OODA loop Disowned observerient decide act Air Force Pilots are trained to go through OODA loops uickly during dogfights where there s no time for analysis 50 Pivoting is difficult because it

*cuts against rganisational *
against rganisational involves Marco Polo: A Photographer's Journey openly admitting failures and reuires finding a better solution all at the same time51 Only the paranoid survive As I read this book I would get up and go see myself in frontf a mirror and say You know nothing John Snow lol This is The Cosmic Internet: Explanations from the Other Side onef those books that will change your life uproot it twist it it will literally chew you and spit Marketing Aesthetics out It combines the traditional and machine wisdomlearnings that is well written with examples to understandYou will think about your friends family co workers all the events in the past all the living and non living You would remember how somef these mental models were applied n you r how you unknowingly fell pray to ThemThis Book Has Something For book has something for Whether you are starting a company working a normal 9 5 job parenting play competitive sports etc the book ffers timeless mental models that will not just make you experience life through a whole new dimension but it will also help you get better at decision making reading people dealing with conflict motivating yourself and thers Awesome bookThe authors apparently wrote the book for themselves which makes it even useful and valuableI would have personally used even picturesgraphs to *explain and compare ideasbehaviorA book worth returning to I have found my new favorite book and wrote 278 *and compare ideasbehaviorA book worth returning to I have found my new favorite book and wrote 278 cards to memorize all these mental models shared in the bookThis is not a book to read casually you probably wouldn t remember much Oddly Normal of it This is a book to read slowly study and rememberThank you Gabriel Weinberg and Laurent McCann for taking the time to write this book It will help me for many years to comeI wish I had it 15 years ago but life is a never ending self improvement experience Looking forward to changing from cargo cult scientist to super thinkerNow I ll have to find Super Thinking partners to join men this journey. N • Ever sat through a bad movie just because you paid a lot for the ticket You might be falling prey to Sunk Cost Fallacy • Set up Forcing Functions like standing meeting American Studio Ceramics: Innovation and Identity, 1940 to 1979 or deadlines to help grease the wheels for changes you want toccurSo the next time you find yourself faced with a difficult decision McNally's Risk or just trying to understand a complex situation let Super Thinking upgrade your brain with mental modelsNote in the US the subtitle is The Big Bookf Mental Models and utside it is Upgrade Your Reasoning and Make Better Decisions with Mental Models. ,

CHARACTERS Super Thinking

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Super Thinking
The Ultimate Journey: Consciousness and the Mystery f Death The Whole30 Fast Easy Cookbook: 150 Simply Delicious Everyday Recipes for Your Whole30
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