It was Nell Gwynn whocampaigned for a hospital for war veterans aftercoming across an old soldier begging in the streetThe building was designed by Christopher Wrenand the foundation stone was laid in 1682 by theKing himself6 ueen Catharine was responsible forpopularising tea drinking in EnglandWhen she firstarrived in Portsmouth on 13 May 1662 she askedfor a cup of teaThis baffled the English as the drinkwas barely known at this time the nationalbeverage was ale7 On Charles s Restoration cultural life blossomedafter years of Puritan repression and actressesappeared on the professional stage for the firsttime in the history of English theatreThis likemany others was an innovation brought fromFrance by Charles s returning courtiers8 Pubs across England called The Black Boy aregenerally named after Charles It was an earlynickname for him coined by his mother becauseof the darkness of his skin and eyes9 Charleston in South Carolina was named afterCharles II In April 1670 colonists landed on theWestern bank of the Ashley River five miles fromthe sea and named the settlement Charles Town inhis honour10 Charles is often credited with popularising bothChampagne drinking and yachting in England Hisfirst racing yacht was called Jamie after hisillegitimate son the Duke of Monmouth and his lastwas called Fubbs his nickname for his mistressLouise de K roualle Fubbs is an old English wordfor chubbysFrom exile in France Charlesattempted to save his condemned father by sendinga signed blank sheet of paper to Parliament invitingthe Government to write on it whatever termswould save his father s lifeAfter his father s execution in 1649 Charles wasproclaimed King of Scotland and some parts ofEngland and Ireland at Scone in 1651 after heagreed to make Presbyterianism the religion ofEngland and ScotlandTwo years later he invadedEngland and fought Cromwell at the Battleof WorcesterHeavily defeated he once again fled to Francewhere he lived the existence of a virtual paupereventually moving to Germany and then theSpanish NetherlandsIn 1660 Charles s restoration to the Throne wasengineered by General George Monck an Englishsoldier who had fought for Cromwell but who hadcome to realise the importance of the Monarchy inrebuilding the country which had fallen intoanarchy on Cromwell s death Charles rode intoLondon on his birthday 29 May in 1660The King sdesire for religious toleration due in large part tohis leanings toward Roman Catholicism wasoverwhelmed by the new Parliament Royalist innature they passed the Clarendon Code whichensured Anglicanism as the state religion andthreatened non conformists Charles II tried toincrease religious tolerance With His Declaration OfIndulgence But his Declaration ofIndulgence but forced to withdraw itCatharine of Braganza the daughter of the King of Portugal married Charles II in1662The marriage failed to produce an heir but they remained close friends After thedeath of Charles II in February 1685 Catharine returned to Portugal where she diedin 1705NEAT S TONGUE an ox tongue I adored this book finding it nonstop fascinating Everything that other people found boring I found fascinating ALL the loyal Royalist English that help Charles II escape And of course since I knew LITTLE about
This Time Period I time period I checked out a whole bunch of books to find out about him Our President just ot inaugurated this morning 12113 and so the political aspects of religious strife and unstable Life Changing Smiles governments are very relevantI also found it fascinating that Heyer wrote this book in 1937 38 just prior to England s being bombed by the Nazis for the next 6 years This book must have been inspirational to the Brits in what they were about to endureBravo Georgette So fascinating I knew very little about Charles II if pressed I could probably tell you that he was the one Cromwell chased away and then he came back Which is trueBut the story of his daring escape from England after the Battle of Worcester was the stuff action movies are made of hiding in tiny cabinets disguises smugglers and on a number of occasions having to ride calmly right throughroups of soldiers looking for him while he pretended to be a servant So fun and interesting. Ur and his unmistakeable looks is no easy man to hideA typically witty exciting and wonderful tale of historical adventure Royal Escape will please Georgette Heyer fans old and Esincluding five by the notorious Barbara Villiers Lady Castlemaine for whom the Dukedom of Cleveland was created His other mistresses included Moll Davis Nell Gwyn Elizabeth Killigrew Catherine Pegge Lucy Walter Barlow and Louise de K rouaille Duchess of Portsmouth The public resented paying taxes that were spent on them and their children many of whom received dukedoms or earldoms The present Dukes of Buccleuch Richmond Grafton St Albans Descend From Charles In Direct Male Line Diana Albans descend from Charles in direct male line Diana Wales was descended from two of Charles s illegitimate sons the Dukes of Grafton and Richmond Diana s son Prince William Duke of Cambridge second in line to the British Throne is likely to be the first monarch descended from Charles IILovelocks A lock of hair hanging separately from the rest of the hair as one tied with ribbon and worn by courtiers during the 17th and 18th centuriesPosset milk and beer mixtureThe Shrine of the Three Kings is a reliuary said to contain the bones of the Biblical Magi also known as the Three Kings or the Three Wise Men The shrine is a large ilded and decorated triple sarcophagus placed above and behind the high altar of Cologne Cathedral It is considered the high point of Mosan art and the largest reliuary in the western worldThe alleged relics of the Magi were originally situated at Constantinople but brought to Milan by Eustorgius I the city s bishop in 344 The relics of the Magi were taken from Milan by Holy Roman Emperor Fredrick Barbarossa and iven to the Archbishop of Cologne Rainald of Dassel in 1164 St Catherine plum is the fruit used for producing the famous pruneaux de Tours Sparver bed bed curtain suspended from a flat circular covering on the ceilingTertian Ague denoting a form of malaria causing a fever that recurs every second day tertian fever The common benign tertian malaria or tertian ague Kick shaws Something fantastical Any trifling trumpery thing A toy Charles fancied French Kickshaws WomenCanary a rum drink from the Canary islandsCapuchin is a monkeyanchorets a person who lives in seclusion esp a religious recluse hermit from Medieval Latin It was said that when Charles was born in 1630 he was nicknamed the Black Boy by his mother ueen Henrietta Maria because of his dark and swarthy appearanceHe died without an official heir on 6 February 1685 after a brief illness and was succeeded by his brother King James II He was the most beloved of all the Kings in the line of the StuartsBlack King of EnglandAccording to the annals of the english monarchCharles appearance was anything but English with his sensuous curling mouth dark complexion black hair and dark brown eyes he much resembled his Italian maternal randmother Marie de Medici s side of the family During his escape after the Battle of Worcester he was referred to as a tall black man in parliamentary wanted posters One of the nick names he acuired was the black boy His height at six feet two inches probably inherited from "his Danish paternal randmother Anne of Denmark also set him apart from his contemporaries in "Danish paternal Copper Lake Secrets grandmother Anne of Denmark also set him apart from his contemporaries in time when the average Englishman was far smaller than todayEnglish PubsAll English pubs named the Black boy are named after Charles II due to the swarthy and dark colour of his complexion Modern European painters try to hide the racial identity of this jolly King1 Commissioned by Charles II Frances Stewart sportrait was immortalised as the symbol forBritannia complete with helmet and trident andwas used on British coinage for three centuriesuntil decimalisation in 19712 Barbara Villiers Charles II sreediest mistress wasgiven St James s Park and Green Park in London toadd to her fortune She tried to add Phoenix Park inDublin to this list but was prevented from doing soby the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland3The Dutch ave Charles II one of their NewWorld territories New Amsterdam Charlesrenamed it New York after his brother the Dukeof York4 Charles II was responsible for the foundation ofthe Royal Greenwich Observatory in 1675Designed by Christopher Wren it was establishedto provide navigational information to sailors5The Royal Hospital for war veterans at Chelseawas founded by Charles II. And his tiny party must journey across Cromwell's England to a Channel port and a ship bound for France and safety But the King with his love of adventure his irrepressible humo. This book was of course bounded in by the need to stick to what had actually happened but for all that it was still enjoyable Were the story fictional it would be entirely unbelievable and no doubt heavily criticised for the narrow escapes and particularly the later chapters where trying to find a boat descends almost into the farce the man locked in by his wife and daughters for example before it is resolved For all that though this is Heyer doing one of the things she is best
At Creating Flawed Funnycreating flawed funny who somehow manage to scrape through anything which is thrown at them Charles II was the king of Great Britain and Ireland 1660 1685 the eldest son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of Francesister of King Louis XIII He took the throne after years of exile Much of his reign was devoted to the struggle between Anglicans Catholics and dissenters over the laws of the Clarendon Code He was popularly known as the Merrie Monarch in reference to the liveliness and hedonism of his courtMonarch of the three kingdoms of England Scotland and IrelandCharles II s father King Charles I was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649 at the climax of the English Civil WarOn 6 February the Covenanter Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II as King of Great Britain in succession to his father but refused to allow him to enter Scotland unless he accepted Presbyterianism throughout the British Isleswhich authorised Presbyterian church overnance across Britain Upon his arrival in Scotland on 23 June 1650 Charles formally agreed to the Covenant his abandonment of Episcopal church overnance although winning him support in Scotland left him unpopular in England Charles himself soon came to despise the villainy and hypocrisy of the CovenantersHe was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on 1 January 1651 With Cromwell s forces threatening Charles s position in Scotland it 1 January 1651 With Cromwell s forces threatening Charles s position in Scotland it decided to mount an attack on England With many of the Scots including Lord Argyll and other leading Covenanters refusing to participate and with few English royalists joining the force as it moved south into England the invasion ended in defeat at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651 after which Charles eluded capture by hiding in the Royal Oak at Boscobel House in Shropshire He also stayed at Cirencester Through six weeks of narrow escapes Charles managed to flee England in disguise landing in Normandy on 16 October despite a reward of 1000 on his head risk of death for anyone caught helping him and the difficulty in disguising Charles who was unusually tall at over 6 feet 185 cm highAlthough the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King of Great Britain and Ireland in Edinburgh on 6 February 1649 the English Parliament instead passed a statute that made any such proclamation unlawful England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth and the country was a de facto republic led by Oliver Cromwell Cromwell defeated Charles at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651 age 21 and Charles fled to mainland Europe Cromwell became virtual dictator of England Scotland and Ireland Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France the United Provinces and the Spanish NetherlandsA political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy and Charles was invited to return to Britain On 29 May 1660 his 30th birthday he was received in London to public acclaim After 1660 all legal documents were dated as if Charles had succeeded his father as king in 1649Charles s English parliament enacted laws known as the Clarendon Code designed to shore up the position of the re established Church of England Charles acuiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he himself favoured a policy of religious toleranceUnusually tallDrooping eyelidsprone to nosebleedsSense of HumourUglyIrrestible laughSwarthy Dark featuresObstinateFoolhardyWhile fleeing to france there were no shoes big enough for his feetStained his face with walnut juice to disguise himDefeated at Battle of Worchester Scots fledCharles had no legitimate children but acknowledged a dozen by seven mistress. Dispossessed of crown and kingdom crushed and routed at the rim Battle of Worcester the young Charles II is forced to flee for his life Out of the heat of battle the outlaw King.