(EPUB ¸ Gunpowder and Galleys) BY John F. Guilmartin Jr. – thetributepages.co.uk
0s when iron cannon became prolific2 There was no irect correlation between a cannon s barrel length and its maximum effective range 3 Naval expeditions in the Mediterranean Scandals and Secrets (Hearts Of Fire, during this century were primarily amphibious endeavors and a symbiotic relationship existed betweenefensive fortifications and galley fleets The concluding chapters on the Battle of Lepanto 1571 offer Guilmartin s assessment of why the galley eventually Shooting for a Century declined and became obsolete in the Mediterranean The first reasoneals with the limitations of organic power and the law of I, Partridge diminishing returns as galleys and galeasses became larger Galleys relied on oarsmen for its motive power and for much of the 16th century the galley s speed under oar was the most important consideration in shipesign For every proportionate increase in the size of the galley it reuired a isproportionate increase in the the size of the galley it reuired a isproportionate increase in the of its ciurmi collective oarsmen to maintain the same burst speed of 7 knots and sustained speed of 3 4 knots If ships reuired oarsmen sometimes peaking at 200 220 Unforgiven (Warriors for the Light during the 1560s then fleets also reuired far economic investment in biscuit to maintain large expeditions Unfortunately these increases in the size of galleys occurred alongside the price revolution that witnessed the price of grain biscuit and other victuals skyrocket Over time Mediterranean powers could no longer afford the severe economic outlay to maintain its galleys and gradually transitioned to the use of mechanical energy ie sails that both reduced the number employed sailors and the cost of sustained long term expeditions In the case of the Ottomans their utter annihilation at Lepanto saw theemise of several thousand men skilled at the composite recurve bow most of her skilled oficiales or commanders and several thousand Janissaries The oficiales and archers were irreplaceable in the short term because both possessed skill sets that were habitually learned art forms from an early age and not easily trained specialities In sum the broadside sailing ship and gunpowder id
not irectly cause the isappearance of the Mediterranean galley because in Guilmartin directly cause the isappearance of the Mediterranean galley because in Guilmartin estimation broadsides lacked the efficient ship killing weapons until the late eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries Instead the galley simply grew too big for its environment to continue sustaining it This is an important work of naval history that is also well written and accessible to all interested reader. The major actions in the Mediterranean and around the Arabian peninsula Guilmartin challenges traditional thinking in a variety of The Darkness diverse but interlinked areas ranging from bronze cannon casting the applicability of Mahanian ideas about sea power to the Mediterranean world to theemise of the nomadic horse archers of Asi.
review Gunpowder and GalleysWant to know why Lepanto was such a significant victory This is the first book I have read that advances a convincing argument Lots first book I have read that advances a convincing argument Lots technical etails on galley construction finance manning battle etc I will have to get the revised edition at some point Excellent historical battle etc I will have to get the revised edition at some point Excellent historical that remains the favorite non fiction book in my collection Guilmartin oes an great job weaving a narrative history of the 16th Century #Mediterranean Into His General # into his general that A Dark Sicilian Secret discusses the characteristics and evolution of naval warfareuring the period Highly recommended for those with an interest in Early Modern or Naval history Guilmartin s Gunpowder and Galleys is one of the great works of naval history and not only that it is a great work of history period With his ability to read Spanish Turkish Arabic and other languages usually beyond the ken of Western historians Guilmartin has mined records throughout the Mediterranean to bring together information ranging from technology to economics to naval tactics as he elucidates why the Mediterranean galley was a highly successful warship In Guilmartin s view the galley was not an archaic holdover clung to by a recalcitrant tradition but a viable and effective amphibious predator that filled a niche effectively than competing types up until the late 18th century He focusses principally on the 1500s and seeks to understand why the Battle of Lepanto was seen as such an important battle both at the time and in the centuries after even though it Wolf Creek Homecoming (Wolf Creek did not achieve any sort of goal conventionally understood to be the purpose of naval warfare in the Mahanian sense The Ottoman navy of the 16th century was the most powerful navy of its century and fact generally unknown to Westerners This workoes not cover the Ottoman navy as an institution and remains tightly focussed on the galley and its relatives but it carries significant implications to anyone who wants to understand the history of the Mediterranean and Middle East Gunpowder and Galleys is an immensely absorbing work of history culture and technology It is very readable in spite of the complexities I surprisingly enjoyed reading this book On the surface a largely technical work on 16th century Mediterranean galleys appeared rather ry Guilmartin is impressive his command of Arabic Italian Spanish Turkish and other necessary languages allows him to access a variety of sources generally untapped by naval historians of this pe. Gunpowder and Galleys is an expert analysis of the struggle between Christian Europe and Ottoman Turkey for control of the Mediterranean in the sixteenth century Building on a thorough analysis of changing maritime technology this study provides an outstanding examination of the sea wars between the Ottoman Empire and its Riod He organizes the volume into thematic and chronological chapters that alternatively explore the technical logistical and political aspects surrounding the 16th century galley and the notable naval battles that occurred between Jiddah in 1517 and Lepanto in 1571 Several appendices introduce specialists and interested readers to the physics of gunpowder early cannon esign and galleys Guilmartin starts with a historical problem why after the introduction of gunpowder and broadside firing sailing ships in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean id the war galley persist throughout the 16th century While other naval historians have viewed the English Dutch and Portuguese as progressive naval innovators and treated Mediterranean powers as luddites GUILMARTIN DEMONSTRATES THAT WAR GALLEY FIT THE CLIMATE GEOGRAPHY demonstrates that war galley fit the climate geography socio political composition of the Mediterranean far better than the broadside until at least the Battle of Lepanto When use of the galley eclined in the seventeenth and eighteenth century it was ue to economic and social factors like the uality of oarsmen and captains or the rising cost of biscuit and cannon and not necessarily the galley s technical limitations vis a vis the broadside sailing ship Guilmartin advances other sub arguments Most explicitly he critiues naval
Historians Who Have Projectedwho have projected Thayer Mahan s writings onto 16th century Mediterranean conflicts on the sea He persuasively shows how Mahan s ideas of control of the sea and naval warfare are imprecise for escribing the objectives and capabilities of galley fleets First the galley was not capable of sustaining the blockades that formed the heart of Mahan s command of the sea because their limited size and reliance on organic power reuired freuent victualing at shoreline fortresses and port cities like Barcelona Venice and Constantinople Of the three major powers that included Spain Venice and the Ottoman Empire only Venice
s economic fortunes epended entirely on her trans Mediterranean trade and therefore only Venice thought abouteconomic fortunes epended entirely on her trans Mediterranean trade and therefore only Venice thought about of the sea in any Mahanian sense of the term Spain and the Ottomans used their galley fleets as tactical troop transports for amphibious assaults strategic raiders in the little wars of economic attrition and as relief forces for besieged fortresses such as those on Malta He also argues that1 The Mediterranean galley held its own against the broadside sailing ship until at least the 158. Hristian opponents and illustrates the crucial interaction between commerce and warfare in the sixteenth century Mediterranean It The Maid of Lorne describes how the strategic considerations in galley warfare were substantiallyifferent from those in campaigns involving galleons or ships of the line and includes etailed escriptions of all.